Brain And The Gaze

Brain And The Gaze

Brain And The Gaze

A radically integrative account of visual perception, grounded in neuroscience but drawing on insights from philosophy and psychology. How do we gain access to things as they are? Although we routinely take our self-made pictures to be veridical representations of reality, in actuality we choose (albeit unwittingly) or construct what we see. By movements of the eyes, the direction of our gaze, we create meaning. In Brain and the Gaze, Jan Lauwereyns offers a novel reformulation of perception and its neural underpinnings, focusing on the active nature of perception. In his investigation of active perception and its brain mechanisms, Lauwereyns offers the gaze as the principal paradigm for perception. In a radically integrative account, grounded in neuroscience but drawing on insights from philosophy and psychology, he discusses the dynamic and constrained nature of perception; the complex information processing at the level of the retina; the active nature of vision; the intensive nature of representations; the gaze of others as visual stimulus; and the intentionality of vision and consciousness. An engaging point of entry to the cognitive neuroscience of perception, written for neuroscientists but illuminated by insights from thinkers ranging from William James to Slavoj Zizek, Brain and the Gaze will give new impetus to research and theory in the field.

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Product Details:

Genre : Health & Fitness
Author : Jan Lauwereyns
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2012
Total Pages : 290 Pages
ISBN : 9780262017916


Fixing My Gaze

Fixing My Gaze

A revelatory account of the brain's capacity for change When neuroscientist Susan Barry was fifty years old, she experienced the sense of immersion in a three dimensional world for the first time. Skyscrapers on street corners appeared to loom out toward her like the bows of giant ships. Tree branches projected upward and outward, enclosing and commanding palpable volumes of space. Leaves created intricate mosaics in 3D. Barry had been cross-eyed and stereoblind since early infancy. After half a century of perceiving her surroundings as flat and compressed, on that day she saw the city of Manhattan in stereo depth for first time in her life. As a neuroscientist, she understood just how extraordinary this transformation was, not only for herself but for the scientific understanding of the human brain. Scientists have long believed that the brain is malleable only during a "critical period" in early childhood. According to this theory, Barry's brain had organized itself when she was a baby to avoid double vision - and there was no way to rewire it as an adult. But Barry found an optometrist who prescribed a little-known program of vision therapy; after intensive training, Barry was ultimately able to accomplish what other scientists and even she herself had once considered impossible. Dubbed "Stereo Sue" by renowned neurologist Oliver Sacks, Susan Barry tells her own remarkable journey and celebrates the joyous pleasure of our senses.

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Product Details:

Genre : Science
Author : Susan R. Barry
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2009-05-26
Total Pages : 272 Pages
ISBN : 9780786744749


Gaze Following

Gaze Following

What does a child’s ability to look where another is looking tell us about his or her early cognitive development? What does this ability—or lack thereof—tell us about a child’s language development, understanding of other’s intentions, and the emergence of autism? This volume assembles several years of research on the processing of gaze information and its relationship to early social-cognitive development in infants spanning many age groups. Gaze-Following examines how humans and non-human primates use another individual’s direction of gaze to learn about the world around them. The chapters throughout this volume address development in areas including joint attention, early non-verbal social interactions, language development, and theory of mind understanding. Offering novel insights regarding the significance of gaze-following, the editors present research from a neurological and a behavioral perspective, and compare children with and without pervasive developmental disorders. Scholars in the areas of cognitive development specifically, and developmental science more broadly, as well as clinical psychologists will be interested in the intriguing research presented in this volume.

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Product Details:

Genre : Psychology
Author : Ross Flom
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2017-09-25
Total Pages : 340 Pages
ISBN : 9781351566018


Control Of Gaze By Brain Stem Neurons

Control Of Gaze By Brain Stem Neurons

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Genre :
Author : Robert G. Baker
Publisher :
Release : 1977
Total Pages : Pages
ISBN : OCLC:641255886


Task Independent Brain Activity Predicts The Cone Of Direct Gaze

Task Independent Brain Activity Predicts The Cone Of Direct Gaze

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Genre :
Author : Alexander von Bergen
Publisher :
Release : 2017
Total Pages : Pages
ISBN : OCLC:1011048224


Typical And Atypical Processing Of Gaze

Typical And Atypical Processing Of Gaze

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Genre :
Author : Chris Ashwin
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-03-24
Total Pages : Pages
ISBN : 9782889636051


Mathematical Modelling In Motor Neuroscience State Of The Art And Translation To The Clinic Gaze Orienting Mechanisms And Disease

Mathematical Modelling In Motor Neuroscience State Of The Art And Translation To The Clinic Gaze Orienting Mechanisms And Disease

Mathematical Modelling in Motor Neuroscience: State of the Art and Translation to the Clinic, Gaze Orienting Mechanisms and Disease, Volume 249, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of topics, including Sequential Bayesian updating, Maps and Sensorimotor Transformations for Eye-Head Gaze Shifts: Role of the Midbrain Superior Colliculus, Modeling Gaze Position-Dependent Opsoclonus, Eye Position-Dependent Opsoclonus in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Saccades in Parkinson's disease -- hypometric, slow, and maladaptive, Brainstem Neural Circuits for Fixation and Generation of Saccadic Eye Movements, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series Includes the latest information on mathematical modeling in motor neuroscience

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Product Details:

Genre : Psychology
Author : Aasef G. Shaikh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09
Total Pages : 358 Pages
ISBN : 0444642544


Pattern Codes For Perceived Gaze Direction Revealed By Functional Mri

Pattern Codes For Perceived Gaze Direction Revealed By Functional Mri

Perceiving the direction of another's attention is a critical component of normal social behaviour. Seminal electrophysiology studies demonstrated that single cells in macaque superior temporal sulcus (STS) are tuned to specific directions of social cues, including gaze direction, head view, and body posture. Furthermore, a subset of such neurons respond to a single direction across multiple cues, suggesting that the code is driven by the direction of another's social attention regardless of how this is conveyed. Attempts to reveal similar gaze representations in humans using fMRI have provided mixed results. This thesis describes research where multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) methods are applied to fMRI data in order to better explain how the human brain and particularly STS codes perceived gaze direction. After describing the MVPA methods applied in this thesis, I first demonstrate that fMRI response patterns in anterior STS distinguish between the direction of dynamic head turns, but not between the direction of rotation in non-social ellipsoids. In subsequent work, anterior STS is found to code the direction of another's gaze in a head view-invariant manner, thus demonstrating a potential parallel to previous macaque evidence for single cells that code the direction of another's attention. However, comparisons that run both across species (macaque, human) and methods (electrophysiology, fMRI) are problematic. To overcome this limitation I next tested whether macaque STS distinguishes gaze direction and head view when responses are measured with fMRI. In conclusion, this thesis demonstrates the utility of applying MVPA to fMRI data to reveal socially-relevant representations of the direction of another's attention. The thesis particularly highlights anterior STS as a key region in supporting direction-specific representations of social cues. These results advance our understanding of how the brain codes socially-relevant information, and highlight possible similarities and dissimilarities between humans and macaques.

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Genre :
Author : Johan D. Carlin
Publisher :
Release : 2012
Total Pages : Pages
ISBN : OCLC:809553598


Adaptive Mechanisms In Gaze Control

Adaptive Mechanisms In Gaze Control

The book will be an important addition for researchers and clinicians interested in the vestibular system, eye movements, motor systems in general, and central nervous system correlates of learning. Science Review Neuroscience Letters

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Product Details:

Genre : Medical
Author : A. Berthoz
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1985
Total Pages : 386 Pages
ISBN : UOM:39015009566517


My American Harp

My American Harp

"My American Harp" presents 1,169 poems written 2010-2014 by Surazeus that explore what it means to be an American in the modern world of an interconnected global civilization.

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Product Details:

Genre : Poetry
Author : Surazeus Astarius
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2017-06-29
Total Pages : 670 Pages
ISBN : 9781365807145